Class sizes are bulging across the country right now, but I am lucky to have only 15 students this year. However, many of these little ones are reading and writing below grade level. Because of this I have been studying like crazy to come up with strategies to help them. I have been reading an excellent book called The Successful Inclusive Teacher: Proven Ways to Detect and Correct Special Needs, edited by Joyce S. Choate. Many of my students need a lot of help with sight words (reading and spelling) and fluency. One of the strategies in this book suggested making flash cards with pictures to help students make a visual connection with the word. I decided to try this with the phrases and short sentences for repeated reading that Timothy Rasinski suggests using to help build reading fluency in his book The Fluent Reader, 2003. New York: Scholastic Professional Books. I am introducing ten phrases a week and then students will practice reading and writing them during our Daily 5 word work. I am also sending the list of phrases home with students to practice reading and writing over the weekend. Here are the first three Fluency Practice.